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4/365 – Hockey

Hockey – The national game of India

Hockey is a family of sports in which two teams play against each other by trying to maneuver a ball or a puck into the opponent’s goal using a hockey stick.

History: Games played with curved sticks and a ball can be found in the histories of many cultures. In Egypt, 4000-year-old carvings feature teams with sticks and a projectile, hurling dates to before 1272 BC in Ireland, and there is a depiction from 600 BC in Ancient Greece where the game may have been called kerētízein or kerhtízein because it was played with a horn or horn-like stick.

Subtypes: Field hockey, Ice hockey, Inline hockey, Roller hockey, Sledge hockey and Street hockey

Hockey World Cup: The Hockey World Cup is an international field hockey competition organized by the International Hockey Federation (FIH). The tournament was started in 1971. It is held every four years, bridging the four years between the Summer Olympics.

There is also a Women’s Hockey World Cup, which has been held since 1974 and was organized by the International Federation of Women’s Hockey Associations (IFWHA) until 1981, when the governing bodies merged into the current International Hockey Federation in 1982.

First Hockey World Cup:
The first Hockey World Cup was held in Barcelona, Spain from October 15-24, 1971 at Real Polo grounds.

Winner: Pakistan
Runner’s Up: Spain
Second Runner’s Up: India

Second Hockey World Cup:
The second Hockey World Cup was held in Amsterdam, Holland from August 24-September 2, 1973 at the Wagener Stadium, Amstelveen.

Winner: Netherlands
Runner’s Up: India
Second Runner’s Up: West Germany

Third Hockey World Cup:
The third Hockey World Cup was held at Merdeka Stadium in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia from March 1-19, 1975.

Winner: India
Runner’s Up: Pakistan
Second Runner’s Up: West Germany

Fourth Hockey World Cup:
The fourth Hockey World Cup was held at Campo del Polo, Buenos Aires, Argentina, from March 18-April 1, 1978.

Winner: Pakistan
Runner’s Up: Netherlands
Second Runner’s Up: Australia

Fifth Hockey World Cup:
World Cup came to India a year after they won the gold medal at the boycott-ridden 1980 Moscow Olympic Games and was held in Bombay from December 29, 1981 to January 12, 1982.

Winner: Pakistan
Runner’s Up: West Germany
Second Runner’s Up: Australia
Fifth Place: India

Sixth Hockey World Cup:
The sixth World Cup, was held at Willesden, London, England from October 4-19, 1986, was scheduled within a couple of days after the Asian Games in South Korea.

Winner: Australia
Runner’s Up: England
Second Runner’s Up: West Germany
Twelfth Place: India

Seventh Hockey World Cup:
The seventh Hockey World Cup was held in Lahore from February 12-23, 1990.

Winner: Netherlands
Runner’s Up: Pakistan
Second Runner’s Up: Australia
Tenth Place: India

Eighth Hockey World Cup:
The eighth Hockey World Cup was held at Homebush Stadium in Sydney, Australia from November 23 to December 4, 1994.

Winner: Pakistan
Runner’s Up: Netherlands
Second Runner’s Up: Australia
Fifth Place: India

Ninth Hockey World Cup:
The Hockey World Cup of 1998 was held at Galgenwaard Stadium in Utrecht, Netherlands from June 20-July 1, 1998.

Winner: Netherlands
Runner’s Up: Spain
Second Runner’s Up: Germany
Ninth Place: India

Tenth Hockey World Cup:
Tenth Hockey World Cup held at Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia from February 24 to March 4, 2002.

Winner: Germany
Runner’s Up: Australia
Second Runner’s Up: Netherlands
Tenth Place: India

Eleventh Hockey World Cup:
The eleventh Hockey World Cup was held at Monchengladbach, Germany from September 6 to September 17, 2006.

Winner: Germany
Runner’s Up: Australia
Second Runner’s Up: Spain
Eleventh Place: India

Twelfth Hockey World Cup:
The last Hockey World Cup was held at New Delhi, India from February 28 to March 13, 2010.

Winner: Australia
Runner’s Up: Germany
Second Runner’s Up: Netherlands
Eighth Place: India

Source:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hockey
www.fihockey.org/

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Categories: General Knowledge, Sports
  1. Ravikumar
    September 3, 2011 at 12:53 pm

    Hockey should develop in India…See Australia….they were no.1 in their national game cricket.

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