Home > General Knowledge, Politics > 5/365 – Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK)

5/365 – Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK)

Founded by C. N. Annadurai
Founded on 17 September 1949 at Robinson park in Royapuram in Chennai
Party Symbol : The Rising Sun

In 1953
Actor M. G. Ramachandran (“MGR“) joined the DMK. Popularised the party flag and symbol by showing it in his movies. DMK entered the electoral fray rather unsuccessfully in 1957.

In 1962
Annadurai wanted a separate Dravida Nadu. But the DMK changed its stance with the Chinese invasion.

In 1965
The Anti-Hindi agitations of 1965 Forced the central government to abandon its efforts to impose Hindi as the only official language of the country.

In 1967
DMK came to power in Madras province 18 years after its formation and 10 years after it had first entered electoral politics. This began the Dravidian era in Madras province which later became Tamil Nadu.

In 1969
Party general secretary and founder, CN Annadurai died. After his death, M. Karunanithi selected as Chief Minister.

In 1971
In Election, the DMK emerged victorious with a vast majority of 183 seats out of 234.

In 1972
MGR called for a boycott of the party’s General Council. With the crisis falling into call for corruption probe by MGR, he was eventually suspended from the General Council. Thus emerged a new party All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK).

In 1974
The DMK government brought in a resolution in the House urging the Centre to accept the Rajamannar Committee recommendations on state autonomy and amend the Constitution of India to pave the way for a true federal system.

In 1977
DMK lost the Assembly elections to MGR’s AIADMK, and stayed out of power in the state till 1989. After MGR’s death in December 1987, AIADMK split into two factions between Janaki (MGR’s wife) and Jayalalithaa.

In 1989
DMK returned to power in 1989 State assembly elections and Karunanidhi took over as chief minister.

In 1991
In 21 May 1991 Rajiv Gandhi was assassinated in Sriperumbudur, near Chennai in an election campaign meeting. This led to a sympathy wave in favor of AIADMK–Congress alliance and the DMK was deprived of any seats in the Parliament. The AIADMK won the 1991 state Assembly elections and Jayalalithaa took over as the new Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu.

In 1996
State elections, DMK came to power on strength of corruption charges against J.Jayalalithaa and the alliance with Tamil Maanila Congress (TMC), headed by G.K. Moopanar and supported by cine actor Rajinikanth.

In 2001
The AIADMK, on strength of a strong alliance and the incumbency factor against DMK, came back to power in the state assembly elections.

In 2004
Parliamentary elections, DMK formed an alliance with Congress and the Pattali Makkal Katchi (PMK) and swept a grand Victory, the alliance winning all 40 seats including Puducherry. This enabled 7 ministerial posts in the Central government and influential power to DMK.

In 2006
The same alliance won in the state assembly elections and the DMK, for the first time formed a minority government in the state with help from Congress. Mr. M Karunanidhi become the Chief Minister of the State for the fifth time. The DMK-Congress alliance was also successful in the 2009 parliamentary elections, securing a majority of the Lok Sabha seats.

In 2011
The party lost power to the AIADMK-DMDK alliance and J.Jayalalithaa once again took over as the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu on May 2011. Fledgling party Desiya Murpokku Dravidar Kazhagam (DMDK), presided by cine actor Vijayakanth became the main opposition party in the state, pushing DMK to third place.

  1. Ravikumar
    September 4, 2011 at 6:43 pm

    Good work….60+ years of Tamilnadu’s politics is summarized well.

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