Home > Award, General Knowledge > 14/365 – Bharat Ratna

14/365 – Bharat Ratna

Bharat Ratna is the Republic of India’s highest civilian award, awarded for the highest degrees of national service. This service includes artistic, literary, and scientific achievements, as well as “recognition of public  service of the highest order. Unlike knights, holders of the Bharat Ratna carry no special title nor any other honorifics, but they do have a place in the Indian order of precedence.

The award was established by the first President of India, Rajendra Prasad, on 2 January 1954. Along with other major national honours, such as the Padma Vibhushan, Padma Bhushan and Padma Shri.

Complete list of recipients
Name:Chakravarti Rajagopalachari(1878–1972)
Year Awarded:1954
Note: Independence activist, last Governor-General

Name:C. V. Raman(1888–1970)
Year Awarded:1954
Note: Physicist

Name:Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan(1888–1975)
Year Awarded:1954
Note: Philosopher, second President

Name:Bhagwan Das(1869–1958)
Year Awarded:1955
Note: Independence activist, author

Name:Mokshagundam Visvesvarayya(1860–1962)
Year Awarded:1955
Note: Civil engineer, Diwan of Mysore

Name:Jawaharlal Nehru(1889–1964)
Year Awarded:1955
Note: Independence activist, author, first Prime Minister

Name:Govind Ballabh Pant(1887–1961)
Year Awarded:1957
Note: Independence activist, Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, Home Minister

Name:Dhondo Keshav Karve(1858–1962)
Year Awarded:1958
Note: Educator, social reformer

Name:Bidhan Chandra Roy(1882–1962)
Year Awarded:1961
Note: Physician, Chief Minister of West Bengal

Name:Purushottam Das Tandon(1882–1962)
Year Awarded:1961
Note: Independence activist, educator

Name:Rajendra Prasad(1884–1963)
Year Awarded:1962
Note: Independence activist, jurist, first President

Name:Zakir Hussain(1897–1969)
Year Awarded:1963
Note: Scholar, third President

Name:Pandurang Vaman Kane(1880–1972)
Year Awarded:1963
Note: Indologist and Sanskrit scholar

Name:Lal Bahadur Shastri(1904–1966)
Year Awarded:1966
Note: Posthumous, independence activist, second Prime Minister

Name:Indira Gandhi(1917–1984Y
ear Awarded:1971
Note: Fourth Prime Minister

Name:V. V. Giri(1894–1980)
Year Awarded:1975
Note: Trade unionist and fourth President

Name:K. Kamaraj(1903–1975)
Year Awarded:1976
Note: Posthumous, independence activist, Chief Minister of Madras State

Name:Mother Teresa(1910–1997)
Year Awarded:1980
Note: Catholic nun, founder of the Missionaries of Charity

Name:Vinoba Bhave(1895–1982)
Year Awarded:1983
Note: Posthumous, social reformer, independence activist

Name:Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan(1890–1988)
Year Awarded:1987
Note: First non-citizen, independence activist

Name:M. G. Ramachandran(1917–1987)
Year Awarded:1988
Note: Posthumous, film actor, Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu

Name:B. R. Ambedkar(1891–1956)
Year Awarded:1990
Note: Posthumous, chief architect of the Indian Constitution, politician, economist, and scholar

Name:Nelson Mandela(b. 1918)
Year Awarded:1990
Note: Second non-citizen and first non-Indian recipient, Leader of the Anti-Apartheid movement

Name:Rajiv Gandhi(1944–1991)
Year Awarded:1991
Note: Posthumous, Seventh Prime Minister

Name:Vallabhbhai Patel(1875–1950)
Year Awarded:1991
Note: Posthumous, independence activist, first Home Minister

Name:Morarji Desai(1896–1995)
Year Awarded:1991
Note: Independence activist, fifth Prime Minister

Name:Abul Kalam Azad(1888–1958)
Year Awarded:1992
Note: Posthumous, independence activist, first Minister of Education

Name:J. R. D. Tata(1904–1993)
Year Awarded:1992
Note: Industrialist and philanthropist

Name:Satyajit Ray(1922-1992)
Year Awarded:1992
Note: Bengali filmmaker

Name:A. P. J. Abdul Kalam(b. 1931)
Year Awarded:1997
Note: Aeronautical Engineer,11th President of India

Name:Gulzarilal Nanda(1898–1998)
Year Awarded:1997
Note: Independence activist, interim Prime Minister

Name: Aruna Asaf Ali(1908–1996)
Year Awarded:1997
Note: Posthumous, independence activist

Name: M. S. Subbulakshmi(1916–2004)
Year Awarded:1998
Note: Classical Carnatic singer

Name: Chidambaram Subramaniam(1910–2000)
Year Awarded:1998
Note: Independence activist, Minister of Agriculture

Name: Jayaprakash Narayan(1902–1979)
Year Awarded:1999
Note: Posthumous, independence activist and politician

Name: Ravi Shankar(b. 1920)
Year Awarded:1999
Note: Sitar player

Name: Amartya Sen(b. 1933)
Year Awarded:1999
Note: Economist

Name: Gopinath Bordoloi(1890–1950)
Year Awarded:1999
Note: Posthumous, independence activist, Chief Minister of Assam

Name: Lata Mangeshkar(b. 1929)
Year Awarded:2001
Note: Playback singer

Name: Bismillah Khan(1916–2006)
Year Awarded:2001
Note: Hindustani classical shehnai player

Name: Bhimsen Joshi(1922-2011)
Year Awarded:2008
Note: Hindustani classical singer

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bharat_Ratna

Categories: Award, General Knowledge
  1. Ravikumar
    September 13, 2011 at 10:38 am

    In the last decade only artistic people got the awards 🙂

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