Home > Building, General Knowledge, History > 21/365 – Brihadeeswarar Temple

21/365 – Brihadeeswarar Temple

Name: Brihadeeswarar Temple
Proper name: Peruvudaiyaar Temple
Country: India
State: Tamil Nadu
Location: Thanjavur
Architectural styles: Dravidian Architecture
Date built: 11th century AD
Creator: Raja Raja Chola

The Peruvudaiyar Koyil or Brihadeeswarar Temple, also known as Rajarajeswaram, at Thanjavur in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu, is the world’s first complete granite temple and a brilliant example of the major heights achieved by Cholas kingdom Vishwakarmas in dravidian temple architecture. It is a tribute and a reflection of the power of its patron RajaRaja Chola I. It remains as one of the greatest glories of Indian architecture.

This temple is one of India’s most prized architectural sites. The temple stands amidst fortified walls that were probably added in the 16th century. The ‘Vimana’ – or the temple tower – is 216 ft high and is among the tallest of its kind in the world. The Kalash or ‘Chikharam’ of the temple is not carved out of a single stone as widely believed. There is a big statue of Nandi (sacred bull), carved out of a single rock, at the entrance measuring about 16 feet long and 13 feet high. The entire temple structure is made out of hard granite stones, a material sparsely available currently in Thanjavur area where the temple is located. Built in 1010 AD by Raja Raja Chola in Thanjavur, Brihadishwara Temple also popularly known as the ‘Big Temple’ has turned 1000 years in 2010.

Reference: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brihadeeswarar_Temple

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