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Archive for November, 2011

92/365 – Mysore Palace

November 30, 2011 2 comments

Name: Mysore palace
Built: 1912
Architect: Henry Irwin
Architectural style: Indo-Saracenic

The Palace of Mysore is a palace situated in the city of Mysore in southern India. It is the official residence of the Wodeyars – the erstwhile royal family of Mysore, and also houses two durbar halls (ceremonial meeting hall of the royal court).

Mysore is commonly described as the City of Palaces, however, the term “Mysore Palace” specifically refers to one within the old fort. The Wodeyar kings first built a palace in Mysore in the 14th century, it was demolished and constructed multiple times.

The current palace construction was commissioned in 1897, and it was completed in 1912 and expanded later around 1940.

Mysore palace is now one of the most famous tourist attractions in India after Taj Mahal with more than 2.7 million visitors. Although tourists are allowed to visit the palace, they are not allowed to take photographs inside the palace.

Price of admission for foreign tourists is 200 INR., and for Indians 20 INR. All visitors must remove their footwear to enter the palace.

The regent of Mysore, Maharani Vani Vilas Sannidhna, commissioned a British architect, Henry Irwin, to build yet another palace in its place. The construction was completed in year 1912.

But slowly the beautification of the fort was also taken up and the inhabitants of the fort were slowly shifted out to newer Extension built outside. The present Public Durbar Hall wing was also added much later around 1940.

Temples
The palace complex includes twelve Hindu temples. The oldest of these was built in the 14th century, while the most recent was built in 1953.

Some of the more famous temples are:
Someshvara Temple
Lakshmiramana Temple
Shwetha Varahaswamy Temple

Attractions
The Palace houses several rooms of importance. These include:
Audience Chamber
Public Durbar
Royal wedding hall
Armoury

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mysore_Palace

91/365 – Nagesh – The Actor

November 29, 2011 Leave a comment

Name: Nageswaran C. Krishna Gundu Rao
Born: September 27, 1933(1933-09-27), Dharapuram, Erode district, Madras Presidency,India
Died: January 31, 2009(2009-01-31) (aged 75), Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
Occupation: Film actor
Years active: 1958- 2009
Spouse: Regina
Children: Ramesh Babu, Rajesh Babu, Anand Babu
Awards:
1974 Kalamamani
1994 Nammavar Tamil Nadu State Government Award

 

 

Nagesh (born C. Krishna Rao Gundu Rao; 27 September 1933 – 31 January 2009), was a Tamil film actor, mostly remembered for his roles as a comedian during the 1960s. He is regarded as one of the most prolific comedians in Tamil cinema.

Nagesh was born in a Kannada family from Dharapuram, Erode. He was educated in Madras and worked as a clerk in the Indian Railways before entering Tamil film industry.

He acted in over 1,000 Indian films from 1958 to 2008, performing in variety of roles as comedian, lead roles, supporting actor and antagonist. He died on 31 January 2009.

In a stark contrast to the comic roles he performed, Nagesh’s personal life was wrought with suffering. After losing his father at an early age, Nagesh had to endure a weak financial situation and family ostracism which plagued him throughout his life.

The film Server Sundaram, a rags to riches story in which Nagesh plays the lead role, is believed to be roughly based on the real life story of the actor.

Despite being primarily a comedian, Nagesh was rated highly as a character actor by his peers. Nagesh’s style of comedy was largely inspired by Hollywood actor Jerry Lewis. Similarities between Nagesh and Lewis earned Nagesh the sobriquet “Jerry Lewis of India”.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nagesh_(actor)

90/365 – Pluto

November 28, 2011 Leave a comment

Pluto, formal designation 134340 Pluto, is the second-most-massive known dwarf planet in the Solar System (after Eris) and the tenth-most-massive body observed directly orbiting the Sun.

Originally classified as the ninth planet from the Sun, Pluto was recategorized as a dwarf planet and plutoid due to the discovery that it is one of several large bodies within the newly charted Kuiper belt.

Like other members of the Kuiper belt, Pluto is composed primarily of rock and ice and is relatively small: approximately a fifth the mass of the Earth’s Moon and a third its volume. It has an eccentric and highly inclined orbit that takes it from 30 to 49 AU (4.4–7.4 billion km) from the Sun. This causes Pluto to periodically come closer to the Sun than Neptune. As of 2011, it is 32.1 AU from the Sun.

From its discovery in 1930 until 2006, Pluto was classified as a planet. In the late 1970s, following the discovery of minor planet 2060 Chiron in the outer Solar System and the recognition of Pluto’s relatively low mass, its status as a major planet began to be questioned.

In the late 20th and early 21st century, many objects similar to Pluto were discovered in the outer Solar System, notably the scattered disc object Eris in 2005, which is 27% more massive than Pluto.

On August 24, 2006, the International Astronomical Union (IAU) defined what it means to be a “planet” within the Solar System. This definition excluded Pluto as a planet and added it as a member of the new category “dwarf planet” along with Eris and Ceres.

After the reclassification, Pluto was added to the list of minor planets and given the number 134340. A number of scientists continue to hold that Pluto should be classified as a planet.

Pluto has four known moons, the largest being Charon discovered in 1978, along with Nix and Hydra, discovered in 2005, and the provisionally named S/2011 P 1, discovered in 2011.

Pluto and Charon are sometimes described as a binary system because the barycenter of their orbits does not lie within either body. However, the IAU has yet to formalise a definition for binary dwarf planets, and as such Charon is officially classified as a moon of Pluto.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pluto

89/365 – Netunalvatai

November 27, 2011 Leave a comment

Netunalvatai, is a Tamil poetic work in the Pathinenmaelkanakku anthology of Tamil literature, belonging to the Sangam period corresponding to between 100 BCE – 100 CE. “Netunalvatai” is part of the Pattupattu collection, which is the oldest available collection of long poems in Tamil literature.

Netunalvatai contains 188 lines of poetry in the akaval meter. The poet Nakkirar wrote Netunalvatai. Netunalvatai poems belong to the Akam, or subjective themes of love and human relationships and utilises the location of the story to spins a vivid picture of the ancient Tamil country. Netunalvatai contains descriptions of the palace of the Pandya king Nedeunchezhiyan.

 

 

Nature of Netunalvatai
The story of Netunalvatai is about the heroine who prays to the goddess for the return of her lover from the battlefield. Seeing the suffering of the heroine, her maids in the palace also pray to the goddess for the hero to quickly win the battle and return home to their mistress.

 

Meaning of Netunalvadai
Netunalvatai in keeping with its name, has the theme of the vatai, or cold breeze. The two adjectives netu and nal to the vatai breeze mean bad and good. The same breeze is at the same time is bad to the heroine who languishes in the palace and increases her suffering, at the same time, the breeze causes the hero to do good by conversing and consoling his suffering troops.

To Read: http://www.chennailibrary.com/pathuppattu/nedunalvaadai.html

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ne%E1%B9%ADunalv%C4%81%E1%B9%ADai

 

88/365 – San Thome Basilica

November 26, 2011 Leave a comment

Name: San Thome Basilica
Location: Chennai, Tamil Nadu
Country: India
Denomination: Roman Catholic
Website: www.santhomebasilica.com

History
Former name: San Thome Church
Dedication: St. Thomas
Relics held: Bone of St. Thomas

 

 

San Thome Basilica is a Roman Catholic (Latin Rite) minor basilica in Santhome, in the city of Chennai, India. It was built in the 16th century by Portuguese explorers, and rebuilt again with the status of a cathedral by the British in 1893. The British version still stands today. It was designed in Neo-Gothic style, favoured by British architects in the late 19th century.

History
Christian tradition holds that St. Thomas arrived in Kerala from Israel in 52 A.D. preached between 52 A.D. and 72 A.D., when he was martyred on St. Thomas Mount. The basilica is built over the site where he was believed originally to be interred.

San Thome Basilica is the principal church of the Madras-Mylapore Catholic Archdiocese. In 1956, Pope Pius XII raised the church to the status of a Minor Basilica, and on February 11, 2006, it was declared a national shrine by the Catholic Bishops’ Conference of India. The San Thome Basilica is a pilgrimage centre for Christians in India. The church also has an attached museum.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/San_Thome_Basilica

Categories: General Knowledge, Temple

87/365 – Telugu Desam Party

November 25, 2011 Leave a comment

Name: Telugu Desam Party
Leader: N. Chandrababu Naidu
Founded: 1982
Headquarters: Road No.2, Banjara Hills, Hyderabad-500033
Ideology: Regionalist, Fiscally Conservative
Website: telugudesamparty.org

Telugu Desam Party or TDP is a regional political party in India’s Andhra Pradesh state. It was founded by former Telugu film star N. T. Rama Rao (“NTR”) on March 29, 1982, as an alternative to the ruling Congress Party in the state.

In the 8th Lok Sabha 1984, it was the second largest party with 39 members.

Assembly Election History

Year – Genaral Election – 1983 – 6th Assembly
Seats Won  – 203

Year – Genaral Election – 1984 – 7th Assembly
Seats Won  – 205

Year – Genaral Election – 1989 – 8th Assembly
Seats Won  – 78

Year – Genaral Election – 1994 – 9th Assembly
Seats Won  – 218

Year – Genaral Election – 1999 – 10th Assembly
Seats Won  – 180

Year – Genaral Election – 2004 – 11th Assembly
Seats Won  – 47

Year – Genaral Election – 2009 – 12th Assembly
Seats Won  – 94

 

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Telugu_Desam_Party

86/365 – Flute

November 24, 2011 Leave a comment

The flute is a musical instrument of the woodwind family. Unlike woodwind instruments with reeds, a flute is an aerophone or reedless wind instrument that produces its sound from the flow of air across an opening. According to the instrument classification of Hornbostel-Sachs, flutes are categorized as edge-blown aerophones.

 

 

A musician who plays the flute can be referred to as a flute player, a flautist, a flutist, or less commonly a fluter.

Aside from the voice, flutes are the earliest known musical instruments. A number of flutes dating to about 40,000 to 35,000 years ago have been found in the Swabian Alb region of Germany. These flutes demonstrate that a developed musical tradition existed from the earliest period of modern human presence in Europe.

History
The oldest flute ever discovered may be a fragment of the femur of a juvenile cave bear, with two to four holes, found at Divje Babe in Slovenia and dated to about 43,000 years ago. However, this has been disputed. In 2008 another flute dated back to at least 35,000 years ago was discovered in Hohle Fels cave near Ulm, Germany. The five-holed flute has a V-shaped mouthpiece and is made from a vulture wing bone. The researchers involved in the discovery officially published their findings in the journal Nature, in August 2009. The discovery is also the oldest confirmed find of any musical instrument in history.

The flute, one of several found, was found in the Hohle Fels cavern next to the Venus of Hohle Fels and a short distance from the oldest known human carving On announcing the discovery, scientists suggested that the “finds demonstrate the presence of a well-established musical tradition at the time when modern humans colonized Europe”. Scientists have also suggested that the discovery of the flute may help to explain “the probable behavioural and cognitive gulf between” Neanderthals and early modern human.

A three-holed flute, 18.7 cm long, made from a mammoth tusk (from the Geißenklösterle cave, near Ulm, in the southern German Swabian Alb and dated to 30,000 to 37,000 years ago) was discovered in 2004, and two flutes made from swan bones excavated a decade earlier (from the same cave in Germany, dated to circa 36,000 years ago) are among the oldest known musical instruments.

Categories of flute
– The Western concert flutes
– The Indian bamboo flute
– The Chinese flute
– The Japanese flute

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flute

Categories: General Knowledge, Music