Home > General Knowledge, Temple > 105/365 – Kalikambal Temple

105/365 – Kalikambal Temple

The Kalikambal Temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to Kalikambal (Kamakshi) and Kamateswarar. The temple is located in Thambu Chetty Street, George Town a prominent financial centre of Chennai, India.




The temple was originally located closer to the sea shore, and was relocated to the current site at 1640 AD . The great Maratha ruler Shivaji had worshipped in this temple on the 3rd of October, 1667. It is believed that a fierce form of Goddess was held in worship earlier and that this form was replaced with the shanta swaroopa form of Kamakshi


The Telegu and Kannada speaking population called her Chennamman. Chennai means – Murugu -beauty, Ilamai-youthful, gambiram -dignified In Tamil. She was also called Neithal Nila Kamakshi. It is really surprising to note that the temple of Kalikambal was originally present in Fort St. George.

White Town
The East India company brought Chennaikuppam, Madras Kuppam and Vadavarukuppam in 1639. In Madras Kuppam, the British built a fort and called it White town. Since the fort was regarded as a security zone worshipping goddess Kalikambal was rather difficult. Thus realizing this the British requested Viswakarmar to consecrate the deity in a place of their choice. They were also assured that the cost of the entire project will be borne by the British. Thus Viswakarmar shifted the deity to Thambu Chetty street and built a temple for her.

Kottai Amman
Since she blessed the devotees from the fort she is called Kottai amman

She was smeared with Chenthuram (red powder) she was called Chennanmman . As already mentioned since she is the presiding deity of that area , the place was named after her as Chennakuppam and later on it came to be called as Chennai.

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