Home > General Knowledge, Temple > 157/365 – Batu Caves Murugan Temple

157/365 – Batu Caves Murugan Temple

Name: Batumalai Sri Subramaniar Swamy Devasthanam
Country: Malaysia
State: Selangor
District: Gombak
Locale: 13 km north of Kuala Lumpur
Primary deity: Murugan
Architectural styles: Dravidian Architecture
Date built: 1891
Creator: K. Thamboosamy Pillai

Batu Caves, is a limestone hill, which has a series of caves and cave temples, located in Gombak district, 13 kilometres north of Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. It takes its name from the Sungai Batu or Batu River, which flows past the hill. Batu Caves is also the name of the nearby village.

History

The limestone forming Batu Caves is said to be around 400 million years old. Some of the cave entrances were used as shelters by the indigenous Temuan people.

As early as 1860, Chinese settlers began excavating guano for fertilising their vegetable patches. However, they became famous only after the limestone hills were recorded by colonial authorities including Daly and Syers as well as American Naturalist, William Hornaday in 1878.

Batu Caves was promoted as a place of worship by K. Thamboosamy Pillai, an Indian trader. He was inspired by the ‘vel’-shaped entrance of the main cave and was inspired to dedicate a temple to Lord Muruga within the caves.

In 1890, Pillai, who also founded the Sri Mahamariamman Temple, Kuala Lumpur, installed the murti (consecrated statue) of Sri Subramania Swamy in what is today known as the Temple Cave. Since 1892, the Thaipusam festival in the Tamil month of Thai has been celebrated there.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Batu_Caves

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Categories: General Knowledge, Temple
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