Home > General Knowledge, Place > 263/365 – Orissa

263/365 – Orissa

Orissa , officially spelled Odisha, is a state of India, located on the east coast of India, by the Bay of Bengal. It is the modern name of the ancient nation of Kalinga, which was invaded by the Maurya Emperor Ashoka in 261 BCE.

The modern state of Orissa was established on April 1, 1936, as a province in India, and consists predominantly of Oriya speakers. April 1st is therefore celebrated as Utkala Dibasa (formation day of Orissa).

Cuttack remained the capital of the state for over eight centuries until April 13, 1948 when Bhubaneswar was officially declared as the new capital of Orissa, and is the present capital of this state.

Orissa is the ninth largest state by area in India, and the eleventh largest by population. Oriya (officially spelled Odia) is the official and most widely spoken language, spoken by three quarters of the population.

Orissa has a relatively unindented coastline (about 480 km long) and lacked good ports, except for the deepwater facility at Paradip, until the recent launch of the Dhamara Port (The Dhamra Port Company Limited (DPCL) is a 50:50 joint venture of L&T and Tata Steel.

DPCL has been awarded a concession by Government of Orissa to build and operate a port north of the mouth of river Dhamra in Bhadrak district). The narrow, level coastal strip, including the Mahanadi River delta supports the bulk of the population.

The interior of the state is mountainous and sparsely populated. Deomali at 1672 m is the highest point of the state. Orissa is subject to intense cyclones.

The most intense one, in October 1999, Tropical Cyclone 05B caused severe damage and nearly 15,000 deaths.   Orissa is home to the Hirakud Dam, near Sambalpur, which is the longest earthen dam in the world. Orissa has several popular tourist destinations.

Puri, Konark and Bhubaneswar are known as Golden Triangle of eastern India. Puri, with the Jagannath temple near the Bay of Bengal sea and also famous for the Rath Yatra (Car Festival), and Konark, with the Sun Temple, are visited by thousands of tourists every year.

The Jagannath Temple of Puri, the Konark Sun Temple, the Lingaraj Temple, Udayagiri and Khandagiri Caves, Dhauligiri of Bhubaneshwar, Ashoka’s famous rock edict at Jaugada near Berhampur city and the Barabati Fort of Cuttack are important in the archaeological history of India.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orissa

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