Home > Uncategorized > 335/365 – Kurinji Flower

335/365 – Kurinji Flower

Kurinji Flower is a gregarious flowering plant hence it blooms once in 12 years. It belongs to the species Strobilanthes. Kurinji Flower is native to Nilgiris, India.

In Asia there are over 200 species of Stroilanthes. There are 150 species in India alone of which 40 species are found in the Western Ghats and the Nilgiris.

Vital statistics of Kurinji Flower

Botanical Name: Strobilanthes kunthiana

Colloquial Name: Kurinji, Kurunji, Neelakurinji

Family: Acanthaceae (Ruellia family)

The Kurinji flower is bright purple-blue in color. The Kurinji flower is bell shape. The kurinji blooms in a clustered manner on a typical inflorescence stocks. The flowering season ranges between August and November with a peak period of late September and October.

Interesting facts related to Kurinji flowers

The name of place Nilgiris (in Tamil Nadu, India) means Blue Mountains. The mountains got their name after NeelaKurinji flower (Neela means blue in Tamil and Malayalam) as they covered the vast hills like blue color during the blooming season.

It has been noticed that there has been an increase in the rock bees during the flowering season.   It is interesting that with the blooming of kurinji flowers Paliyan tribal people calculate their age.

The writers and poets of Sangam age (2nd to 3rd century AD) have expressed the Kurinji flower and the associated mountainous landscape where it blooms as a symbol for the union of lovers.

It has been described vividly by the poets in the ancient Tamil Sangham literature like Ahananuru, Maduraikkanchi and Kurinjipattu.

The ancient Tamil Nadu was once divided into five geographical zone and one of the zones name was called Kurinji.

According to Hindu mythology, Murgan (second son of God Shiva) married Valli, a veda (tribal hunter) girl and wore a Kurinji garland during his wedding ceremony.

Murga is known as Kurinji Andvar (God of Kurinji). There is a famous temple dedicated to Murgan on a hilltop in Kodaikanal.

Source: http://www.squidoo.com/Kurinji-Flower#module112734051

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