Archive for the ‘Organization’ Category

362/365 – IBM

August 26, 2012 Leave a comment

International Business Machines Corporation, or IBM, is an American multinational technology and consulting corporation headquartered in Armonk, New York, United States.

IBM manufactures and sells computer hardware and software, and it offers infrastructure, hosting and consulting services in areas ranging from mainframe computers to nanotechnology.

The company was founded in 1911 as the Computing Tabulating Recording Company (CTR) through a merger of three companies: the Tabulating Machine Company, the International Time Recording Company, and the Computing Scale Company.

CTR adopted the name International Business Machines in 1924, using a name previously designated to CTR’s subsidiary in Canada and later South America. Its distinctive culture and product branding has given it the nickname Big Blue.

In 2012, Fortune ranked IBM the #2 largest U.S. firm in terms of number of employees (433,362), the #4 largest in terms of market capitalization, the #9 most profitable, and the #19 largest firm in terms of revenue.

Globally, the company was ranked the #31 largest in terms of revenue by Forbes for 2011. Other rankings for 2011/2012 include #1 company for leaders (Fortune), #1 green company worldwide (Newsweek), #2 best global brand (Interbrand), #2 most respected company (Barron’s), #5 most admired company (Fortune), and #18 most innovative company (Fast Company).

IBM holds more patents than any other U.S.-based technology company, and has nine research laboratories worldwide.

Its employees have garnered five Nobel Prizes, six Turing Awards, nine National Medals of Technology, and five National Medals of Science.

Famous inventions by IBM include the automated teller machine (ATM), the floppy disk, the hard disk drive, the magnetic stripe card, the relational database, the Universal Product Code (UPC), the financial swap, SABRE airline reservation system, DRAM, and Watson artificial intelligence.

The company has undergone several organizational changes since its inception, acquiring companies like SPSS (2009) and PwC consulting (2002), spinning off companies like Lexmark (1991), and selling off product lines like ThinkPad to Lenovo (2005).

Sam Palmisano stepped down as chief executive officer on January 1, 2012, but retained his position as chairman. He was replaced by veteran IBMer Ginni Rometty.



360/365 – Ministry of Communications and Information Technology

August 24, 2012 Leave a comment

The Ministry of Communication and Information Technology is an Indian government ministry. It contains three departments:

Department of Telecommunications

Department of Information Technology

Department of Posts

The following cadre controlling authority of the Civil Services (including Indian Telecommunication Service, Indian Postal Service, Telegraph Traffic Service and Indian Posts and Telegraphs Accounts and Finance Service) are under the administration and supervision of the Ministry of Communications and Information Technology.

Department of Telecommunications

Also known as the Door Sanchar Vibhag, this department concerns itself with policy, licensing and coordination matters relating to telegraphs, telephones, wireless, data, facsimile and telematic services and other like forms of communications. It also looks into the administration of laws with respect to any of the matters specified, namely:

The Indian Telegraph Act, 1885 (13 of 1885)

 The Indian Wireless Telegraphy Act, 1933 (17 of 1933)

The Telecom Regulatory Authority of India Act, 1997 (24 of 1997)

Public sector units

 Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited

Indian Telephone Industries Limited

Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited

Telecommunications Consultants India Limited

R&D unit

 Center for Development of Telematics

Other units

 Wireless Planning and Coordination Wing

Telecom Engineering Center

Controller of Communication Accounts

Telecom Enforcement, Resource and Monitoring Cells (formerly known as VTM Cells)

A need was felt in the year 2007 to distinctly address the issues of Communication Network Security at DOT (HQ) level, consequent to enhancement of FDI limit in Telecom sector from 49% to 74% and therefore a new wing, named Security was created in DOT (HQ).


350/365 – Kingfisher Airlines

August 14, 2012 Leave a comment

Founded: 2003

Commenced operations: 9 May 2005

Hubs: Bengaluru International Airport (Bangalore)

Secondary hubs; Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport (Mumbai)  Indira Gandhi International Airport (Delhi)

Focus cities: Chennai International Airport  Pune International Airport

Frequent-flyer program: King Club

Airport lounge: Kingfisher Lounge

Subsidiaries: Kingfisher Xpress

Company slogan: Remembering The Good Times

Parent company: United Breweries Group

Headquarters: The Qube, Mumbai, Maharashtra

Key people: Vijay Mallya (CMD)  Sanjay Aggarwal (CEO)  Hitesh Patel (EVP)


Kingfisher Airlines Limited is an airline group based in India. Its head office is in Andheri (East), Mumbai and Registered Office in UB City, Bangalore.

Kingfisher Airlines, through its parent company United Breweries Group, has a 50% stake in low-cost carrier Kingfisher Red.

The airline has been facing financial issues for many years. Until December 2011, Kingfisher Airlines had the second largest share in India’s domestic air travel market.

However due to a severe financial crisis faced by the airline at the beginning of 2012, it has the lowest market share since April 2012.

In May 2009, Kingfisher Airlines carried more than 1 million passengers, giving it the highest market share among airlines in India.

Kingfisher also won the Skytrax award for India’s best airline of the year 2011.   Kingfisher Airlines is also the sponsor of F1 racing outfit, Force India, which Vijay Mallya also owns.


337/365 – NCS Pte Ltd

August 1, 2012 Leave a comment

Type: Subsidiary

Industry: IT, Telecomms, BPO

Founded: 1981

Headquarters: Singapore

Key people: Mr. Chia Wee Boon, Chief Executive Officer

Products: Systems Integration, IT Systems, Communications Engineering, Outsourcing

Parent: SingTel


NCS Group (known as NCS Pte Ltd or “NCS”, previously known as National Computer Systems) is a multinational information technology and communications engineering company headquartered in Singapore. NCS has over 7,000 staff located in more than 10 countries across Asia Pacific and Middle East regions.


NCS was founded in 1981 when the Government of Singapore embarked upon initiatives to harness information technology (IT) for both the public and private sectors.

It was restructured as a commercial entity in 1996 and a year later, became a wholly owned subsidiary of SingTel Group. NCS adopted its current name on 1 November 2003.

Communications engineering  

In 2002, SingTel Aeradio merged with NCS, retaining much of its identity as the NCS Communications Engineering (CE).

Aeradio was a communication engineering services provider in airport consultancy,facility management services, engineering and radio communications, C4ISR*, intelligent building, smart security solutions, transportation solutions, IT infrastructure system, IT Security training & certification, telecommunication and multimedia.

Products and services  

The company offers several services including consultancy, development, integration, infrastructure management, and BPO to customers from the public, education, financial services, insurance, healthcare, life sciences, logistics, telecommunications, utilities and transportation sectors.


334/365 – Ferrari

Industry: Automotive

Founded: 1947 (historical 1929)

Founder(s): Enzo Ferrari

Headquarters: Maranello, Italy

Key people: Luca di Montezemolo Chairman, Piero Ferrari Vice Chairman and Amedeo Felisa CEO

Products: Sports cars

Production output: 7,044 units (2011)

Revenue: € 2.2 billion (2011)

Owner(s): Fiat S.p.A. 90%

Employees: 2,695 (2011)


The world’s fastest Ferrari, the F60, was debuted in April 2002.

Maserati which was once Ferrari’s bitterest rival, now is run on a Ferrari engine for Fiat.

The most popular Ferraris have always been the two-seated Gran Turismos.

The Ferrari Owner’s club has 18 chapters around the world.

The black prancing horse in the famous Ferrari logo was originally the symbol of Count Francesco Baracca, a flying ace in the Italian air force.

Ferrari of Italy is the oldest and most successful team left in the Formula One championship.

The cheapest component in a Ferrari car is a 3 c washer.

The most expensive Ferrari ever sold was 1957 Ferrari 250 Testa Rossa.

The Ferrari has been featured in many films and television shows.

Ferrari won 25 championship titles in a 500 F2.

333/365 – Standard Chartered Bank

Standard Chartered PLC is a British multinational banking and financial services company headquartered in London, United Kingdom.

It operates a network of over 1,700 branches and outlets (including subsidiaries, associates and joint ventures) across more than 70 countries and employs around 87,000 people.

It is a universal bank with operations in consumer, corporate and institutional banking, and treasury services. Despite its UK base around 90% of its profits come from Africa, Asia and the Middle East.


Chartered Bank  

The Chartered Bank was founded by Scotsman James Wilson following the grant of a Royal Charter by Queen Victoria in 1853.

Chartered opened its first branches in Mumbai, Kolkata and Shanghai in 1858, followed by Hong Kong and Singapore in 1859.

The Bank started issuing banknotes of the Hong Kong dollar in 1862. With the opening of the Suez Canal in 1869 and the extension of the telegraph to China in 1871, Chartered was well placed to expand and develop its business.

Standard Bank

The Standard Bank was a British bank founded in the Cape Province of South Africa in 1862 by another Scotsman, John Paterson.

Having established a considerable number of branches, Standard was prominent in financing the development of the diamond fields of Kimberley from 1867 and later extended its network further north to the new town of Johannesburg when gold was discovered there in 1885.

Half the output of the second largest gold field in the world passed through The Standard Bank on its way to London.

Notable employees

John Major, who served as prime minister of the United Kingdom from 1990 to 1997, was employed by Standard Chartered from May 1965, when he joined them as an executive.

He was transferred to Nigeria in 1967, and worked for the bank at home and abroad until he was elected to parliament at the 1979 general election as Conservative Party Member of Parliament (MP) for Huntingdon in Cambridgeshire.

Gerard Lyons has been employed by Standard Chartered since 1999.


326/365 – TVS Motor Company

Type: Public company

Industry: Automotive

Founded: 1978

Founder(s): T S Srinivasan

Headquarters: Chennai, India

Key people: Venu Srinivasan (Chairman & MD)

Products: Motorcycles, scooters, three-wheeler vehicles and spare parts

Revenue: INR 62.99 billion (US $ 1.26 billion)

Parent: Sundaram-Clayton Limited

Subsidiaries: PT TVS Motor, Indonesia


TVS Motor Company Limited (BSE: 532343, NSE: TVSMOTOR) is the fourth largest two-wheeler manufacturer in India. It is the flagship company of the parent TVS Group employing over 40,000 people with an estimated 15 million customers.

It manufactures motorcycles, scooters, mopeds and auto rickshaws. It is India’s only two-wheeler company to have won the Deming Prize awarded for commitment to quality control, received in 2002.


TVS Motor traces its origins back to the entrepreneurial spirit of Trichur Vengaram Sundaram Iyengar who gave up lucrative careers in the Indian Railways and in banking to set up his own business.

He began with Madurai’s first bus service in 1911 and founded T.V.Sundaram Iyengar and Sons Limited, a company that consolidated its presence in the transportation business with a large fleet of trucks and buses under the name of Southern Roadways Limited.

When he died in 1955 his sons took the company ahead with several forays in the automobile sector, including finance, insurance, manufacture of two-wheelers, tyres and components.

The group has managed to run 33 companies that account for a combined turnover of nearly $3 billion.