Archive for the ‘Politics’ Category

173/365 – Malaysian Indian Congress

February 19, 2012 Leave a comment

Leader: G. Palanivel
Founded: August 1946
Headquarters: Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Youth wing: MIC Youth Movement
Ideology: Nationalism, Conservatism
National affiliation: Barisan Nasional
Parliament: 3 / 222

The Malaysian Indian Congress (MIC) is a Malaysian political party and is one of the founding members of the ruling coalition, Barisan Nasional, previously known as the Alliance, that has been in power since the country achieved independence in 1957.

The MIC was established in August 1946, and has ceased to exist at the end of World War II, to fight for Indian independence from British colonial rule.

After India gained its independence, MIC involved itself in the struggle for the independence of Malaya (now Malaysia which was achieved in 1957). It positioned itself for representation on behalf of the Indian community in the post-war development of the country.

The MIC joined the National Alliance comprising the United Malays National Organization (UMNO) and the Malaysian Chinese Association (MCA) in 1954 which became the Barisan Nasional in 1973 with further expansion in the number of component parties. The current head of the MIC is President Dato’ Palanivel Govindasamy.

Like the other racially based political parties in multi-racial Malaysia, membership in MIC is open to all people of Indian origin.



131/365 – Pattali Makkal Katchi

January 8, 2012 Leave a comment

Leader: G. K. Mani
Founded: 1989
Headquarters: Chennai
Ideology: Social Democratic/Populist
Symbol: Mango

PMK was founded by Dr. S. Ramdoss and the state president is G. K. Mani. Ramdoss had earlier worked with the Vanniyar Sangham (Vanniyar Union) founded by him in 1980.

PMK is based amongst the Most Backward Class Vanniyakula Kshatriyas community. PMK has advocated the bifurcation of the state of Tamil Nadu, a proposal that was seen as a casteist line as PMK is stronger in the northern half of the TN State where it commands 10% of the vote bank namely the Vanniyars.

After the formation of PMK, and under the leadership of Ramadoss, PMK was able to obtain a significant share of power both in the regional government in Tamilnadu and the central government, primarily due to coalition pressures and arm twisting tactics.

Dr. Anbumani Ramadoss, the son of S. Ramadoss, was the member of Rajya Sabha in the government of India. Following the 2004 general election Lok Sabha elections, PMK joined United Progressive Alliance party.

PMK contributed for the reservation for OBCs in Higher educational Institutions like IITs, IIMs, AIMS etc.. because their vote bank i.e the vanniyars belong to the OBC. PMK is also fighting for preserving traditional Agriculture to protect the environment, Food Health, Nutrition etc..

PMK is fighting for removal of Alcohol sale in TAMIL NADU. But for the major social causes like the alcohol and and at least posturing for preserving traditional Agriculture.

In June 2008, Climaxing months of bitter relationship between DMK and PMK, the ruling Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) in Tamil Nadu severed its ties with the Pattali Makkal Katchi (PMK), an outside supporter of the Karunanidhi government.

On 26 March 2009 PMK declared that it would join the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK) led front and left the United Progressive Alliance (UPA). Following this alliance the two ministers in union cabinet Mr. A. Ramadoss and R. Velu resigned from the UPA government.

On 28 March 2009 they submitted the resignation to prime minister Dr. Manmohan Singh and suffered a complete wipe out because of their constant shifting of alliances between the two dravidian parties.

Former MPs

Anbumani Ramdoss
A.K. Moorthy
Prof.Ramdoss (Puduvai)


87/365 – Telugu Desam Party

November 25, 2011 Leave a comment

Name: Telugu Desam Party
Leader: N. Chandrababu Naidu
Founded: 1982
Headquarters: Road No.2, Banjara Hills, Hyderabad-500033
Ideology: Regionalist, Fiscally Conservative

Telugu Desam Party or TDP is a regional political party in India’s Andhra Pradesh state. It was founded by former Telugu film star N. T. Rama Rao (“NTR”) on March 29, 1982, as an alternative to the ruling Congress Party in the state.

In the 8th Lok Sabha 1984, it was the second largest party with 39 members.

Assembly Election History

Year – Genaral Election – 1983 – 6th Assembly
Seats Won  – 203

Year – Genaral Election – 1984 – 7th Assembly
Seats Won  – 205

Year – Genaral Election – 1989 – 8th Assembly
Seats Won  – 78

Year – Genaral Election – 1994 – 9th Assembly
Seats Won  – 218

Year – Genaral Election – 1999 – 10th Assembly
Seats Won  – 180

Year – Genaral Election – 2004 – 11th Assembly
Seats Won  – 47

Year – Genaral Election – 2009 – 12th Assembly
Seats Won  – 94



64/365 – Dravidar Kazhagam

November 2, 2011 Leave a comment

Dravidar Kazhagam or Dravida Kazhagam was the first fully Dravidian party in India. It was a radical party formed by E. V. Ramaswamy, also called Thanthai Periyar (The Noble Father) of erstwhile Madras Presidency.



Its original goals were to eradicate the ills of the existing caste system including untouchability and on a grander scale to obtain a “Dravida Nadu” or Dravidian nation mainly from the Madras Presidency.

The founders were motivated by theories that the Brahmins and Aryans were wreaking havoc on the local Dravidian populace. The DK thus became the first fully Dravidian party and would in turn give birth to many other Dravidian parties like the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK), All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK),MDMK,DMDK  etc., over the course of time.

The roots of the Dravidar Kazhagam lie in the Self Respect Movement, founded by Periyar E. V. Ramasamy. Periyar formed the Self Respect Movement in 1925, breaking in the process from the Indian National Congress party of which he had been a member until then. The Self Respect Movement represented “non-Brahmins”. The non-Brahmin community was defined to include all South Indians other than Brahmins.

The South Indian Liberal Federation (also called the Justice Party) was an elite organization, formed in 1916, which also claimed to promote non-Brahmin interests. The Self Respect Movement and the Justice Party were merged in 1938 under Periyar’s leadership. The name of this party was changed to the Dravidar Kazhagam (DK) in 1944, at the same time that the party was more formally organized.

The party at its inception retained the flag of the South Indian Liberal Federation which had a picture of a traditional type of balance instrument, called tarasu in Tamil, signifying the idea of equality. The Dravidar Kazhagam was founded not only for equality but for ‘proportionate rights’ according to population. its central theme was to remove the degraded status imposed on Dravidians and to lead to a bright future.

To denote this, the Dravidar Kazhagam adopted a black flag with a red circle inside it, the black signifying their degradation – social and economic – and the red denoting the movement for uplift.

The DK opposed Brahminical social, political and ritual dominance, and aimed to form a separate country of Dravida Nadu, to include either all of South India or the predominantly Tamil-speaking regions. Its sharp opposition to religion, especially Brahminical Hinduism, was widely popular. Dravidian ideology is based on staunch anti-Brahminism, and is anti-Sanskrit and anti-North India. However, it never became a full-fledged political party by choice; instead, it prefers to be a cultural and social reformist movement and a pressure group leaving active politics to its progeny, DMK and AIADMK.



41/365 – MDMK

October 10, 2011 Leave a comment

Party Name: Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
Leader: Vaiko
Founded: April 6, 1993
Headquarters: Thaayagam, Chennai
Newspaper: Sangoli
Ideology: Social Democracy
Symbol: Bambaram

Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (MDMK; Tamil: மறுமலர்ச்சித் திராவிட முன்னேற்றக் கழகம்) is a political party in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu formed in 1994 by Mr. V. Gopalswamy (also known as Vaiko), a party activitist of DMK. Mr. V. Gopalsamy grew in the party from his student days. He actively participated in the party agitations and courted imprisonment several times. He was detained under MISA during emergency with other party leaders and workers.

His style of speaking is his own, quoting world events and history, he attracted a lot of support. Particularly the youths of DMK had a liking for him. This created antagonism towards him by the leaders and was forced out of the Parent body on false charges. His sympathy for the cause of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam is widely known.


19/365 – DMDK – Opposition Party in TN

September 18, 2011 Leave a comment

Party Name: Desiya Murpokku Dravida Kazhagam (DMDK)
Meaning: National Progressive Dravidian Federation
Leader: Vijayakanth
Founded: September 14, 2005 at Madurai
Headquarters: Koyambedu, Chennai
Symbol: Murasu
Ideology: Social Democratic/Populist

Electoral performance
General Election: 13th Assembly – 2006
Votes Polled: 2,764,223    Seats Won: 1

General Election: 15th Lok Sabha – 2009
Votes Polled: 3,073,479    Seats Won: 0

General Election: 14th Assembly
Votes Polled: 2,902,813    Seats Won: 29

To defeat the ruling Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam, it allied with Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam front in a decision made on February 25, 2011. It won 29 of the 41 seats contested making it a second largest party in Tamilnadu next only to its ally ADMK pushing DMK to third position. Thus, the party became the official opposition party with Vijayakanh becoming the opposition leader. The large victory also earned recognition and a permanent election symbol from the election commission.


5/365 – Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK)

September 4, 2011 2 comments

Founded by C. N. Annadurai
Founded on 17 September 1949 at Robinson park in Royapuram in Chennai
Party Symbol : The Rising Sun

In 1953
Actor M. G. Ramachandran (“MGR“) joined the DMK. Popularised the party flag and symbol by showing it in his movies. DMK entered the electoral fray rather unsuccessfully in 1957.

In 1962
Annadurai wanted a separate Dravida Nadu. But the DMK changed its stance with the Chinese invasion.

In 1965
The Anti-Hindi agitations of 1965 Forced the central government to abandon its efforts to impose Hindi as the only official language of the country.

In 1967
DMK came to power in Madras province 18 years after its formation and 10 years after it had first entered electoral politics. This began the Dravidian era in Madras province which later became Tamil Nadu.

In 1969
Party general secretary and founder, CN Annadurai died. After his death, M. Karunanithi selected as Chief Minister.

In 1971
In Election, the DMK emerged victorious with a vast majority of 183 seats out of 234.

In 1972
MGR called for a boycott of the party’s General Council. With the crisis falling into call for corruption probe by MGR, he was eventually suspended from the General Council. Thus emerged a new party All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK).

In 1974
The DMK government brought in a resolution in the House urging the Centre to accept the Rajamannar Committee recommendations on state autonomy and amend the Constitution of India to pave the way for a true federal system.

In 1977
DMK lost the Assembly elections to MGR’s AIADMK, and stayed out of power in the state till 1989. After MGR’s death in December 1987, AIADMK split into two factions between Janaki (MGR’s wife) and Jayalalithaa.

In 1989
DMK returned to power in 1989 State assembly elections and Karunanidhi took over as chief minister.

In 1991
In 21 May 1991 Rajiv Gandhi was assassinated in Sriperumbudur, near Chennai in an election campaign meeting. This led to a sympathy wave in favor of AIADMK–Congress alliance and the DMK was deprived of any seats in the Parliament. The AIADMK won the 1991 state Assembly elections and Jayalalithaa took over as the new Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu.

In 1996
State elections, DMK came to power on strength of corruption charges against J.Jayalalithaa and the alliance with Tamil Maanila Congress (TMC), headed by G.K. Moopanar and supported by cine actor Rajinikanth.

In 2001
The AIADMK, on strength of a strong alliance and the incumbency factor against DMK, came back to power in the state assembly elections.

In 2004
Parliamentary elections, DMK formed an alliance with Congress and the Pattali Makkal Katchi (PMK) and swept a grand Victory, the alliance winning all 40 seats including Puducherry. This enabled 7 ministerial posts in the Central government and influential power to DMK.

In 2006
The same alliance won in the state assembly elections and the DMK, for the first time formed a minority government in the state with help from Congress. Mr. M Karunanidhi become the Chief Minister of the State for the fifth time. The DMK-Congress alliance was also successful in the 2009 parliamentary elections, securing a majority of the Lok Sabha seats.

In 2011
The party lost power to the AIADMK-DMDK alliance and J.Jayalalithaa once again took over as the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu on May 2011. Fledgling party Desiya Murpokku Dravidar Kazhagam (DMDK), presided by cine actor Vijayakanth became the main opposition party in the state, pushing DMK to third place.