Archive for the ‘Award’ Category

108/365 – Padma Vibhushan

December 16, 2011 Leave a comment

Award Information
Type: Civilian
Category: National
Instituted: 1954
First Awarded: 1954
Last Awarded: 2011
Total Awarded: 283
Awarded by: Government of India
Previous Name: Pahela Varg
Ribbon: Medium Pink


The Padma Vibhushan is the second highest civilian award in the Republic of India. It consists of a medal and a citation and is awarded by the President of India. It was established on 2 January 1954.

It ranks behind the Bharat Ratna and comes before the Padma Bhushan. It is awarded to recognize exceptional and distinguished service to the nation in any field, including government service.


The award was established by Presidential decree on 2 January 1954. The Padma Vibhushan was originally established as the Pahela Varg (First Class) of a three-class “Padma Vibhushan” awards. However the structure was changed in 1955 and there is no record of the award being presented to recipients in the original structure.

The award was suspended between 1977 and 1980 and between 1992 and 1998. As of the end of 2011, only 283 people have thus far been awarded this honour.


Awardees List:



Categories: Award, General Knowledge

93/365 – Dronacharya Award

December 1, 2011 Leave a comment

Name: Dronacharya Award
Type: Civilian
Category: Sports Coaching (Individual)
Instituted: 1985
First Awarded: 1985
Last Awarded: 2011
Awarded by: Govt. of India
Cash Award: 500,000

Dronacharya Award is an award presented by the government of India for excellence in sports coaching. The award comprises a bronze statuette of Dronacharya, a scroll of honour and a cash component of Rs.500,000. The award was instituted in 1985. As the best sportsperson award is named Arjuna Award, it is appropriate that the coaching award is named after Dronacharya, as he was the Guru of Arjuna.


Awardee List:





துரோணாச்சாரியா விருது, சிறந்த விளையாட்டு பயிற்சியாளர்களுக்கு இந்திய அரசால் அளிக்கப்படும் உயரிய விருதாகும். இவ்விருதை பெறுபவர்களுக்கு ஐந்து லட்ச ரூபாயுடன் ஒரு வெண்கல சிலையும் பரிசாக அளிக்கப்படும். 1985-ல் இருந்து இந்த விருது வழங்கப்பட்டு வருகின்றது. சிறந்த விளையாட்டு வீரருக்கான விருது “அர்ஜுனா விருது” என்றும், அவ்விளையாட்டினை பயிற்றுவிற்க்கும் குருவிற்கு ” துரோணாச்சாரியா விருது” என்றும் இந்திய அரசு பெயரிட்டுள்ளது.


விருது பெற்றவர்களின் விவரம்:
மேலும் தகவலுக்கு:

42/365 – Param Vir Chakra

October 11, 2011 Leave a comment

Award: Param Vir Chakra
Type: Medal
Eligibility: Military personnel only
Awarded for: Most conspicuous bravery or some daring or pre-eminent act of valour or self sacrifice, in the presence of the enemy, whether on land, at sea, or in the air.

Established: 26 January, 1950
First awarded: 3 November, 1947
Last awarded: 6 July, 1999
Total awarded: 21

The Param Vir Chakra (PVC) is India’s highest military decoration awarded for the highest degree of valour or self-sacrifice in the presence of the enemy. It can be, and often has been, awarded posthumously.

The PVC was established on 26 January 1950, by the President of India, with effect from 15 August 1947. It can be awarded to officers or enlisted personnel from all branches of the Indian military. It is the second highest award of the government of India after Bharat Ratna.

The Ashoka Chakra is the peace time equivalent of the Param Vir Chakra, and is awarded for the “most conspicuous bravery or some daring or pre-eminent valour or self-sacrifice” other than in the face of the enemy. The decoration may be awarded either to military or civilian personnel and may be awarded posthumously.

The award also carries a cash allowance for those under the rank of lieutenant and, in some cases, a cash award. On the death of the recipient, the pension is transferred to the widow until her death or remarriage.

Subedar Major Bana Singh of the Eighth Jammu and Kashmir Light Infantry was the only serving personnel of the Indian defence establishment with a Param Vir Chakra till the Kargil operations.


Categories: Award, General Knowledge

14/365 – Bharat Ratna

September 13, 2011 1 comment

Bharat Ratna is the Republic of India’s highest civilian award, awarded for the highest degrees of national service. This service includes artistic, literary, and scientific achievements, as well as “recognition of public  service of the highest order. Unlike knights, holders of the Bharat Ratna carry no special title nor any other honorifics, but they do have a place in the Indian order of precedence.

The award was established by the first President of India, Rajendra Prasad, on 2 January 1954. Along with other major national honours, such as the Padma Vibhushan, Padma Bhushan and Padma Shri.

Complete list of recipients
Name:Chakravarti Rajagopalachari(1878–1972)
Year Awarded:1954
Note: Independence activist, last Governor-General

Name:C. V. Raman(1888–1970)
Year Awarded:1954
Note: Physicist

Name:Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan(1888–1975)
Year Awarded:1954
Note: Philosopher, second President

Name:Bhagwan Das(1869–1958)
Year Awarded:1955
Note: Independence activist, author

Name:Mokshagundam Visvesvarayya(1860–1962)
Year Awarded:1955
Note: Civil engineer, Diwan of Mysore

Name:Jawaharlal Nehru(1889–1964)
Year Awarded:1955
Note: Independence activist, author, first Prime Minister

Name:Govind Ballabh Pant(1887–1961)
Year Awarded:1957
Note: Independence activist, Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, Home Minister

Name:Dhondo Keshav Karve(1858–1962)
Year Awarded:1958
Note: Educator, social reformer

Name:Bidhan Chandra Roy(1882–1962)
Year Awarded:1961
Note: Physician, Chief Minister of West Bengal

Name:Purushottam Das Tandon(1882–1962)
Year Awarded:1961
Note: Independence activist, educator

Name:Rajendra Prasad(1884–1963)
Year Awarded:1962
Note: Independence activist, jurist, first President

Name:Zakir Hussain(1897–1969)
Year Awarded:1963
Note: Scholar, third President

Name:Pandurang Vaman Kane(1880–1972)
Year Awarded:1963
Note: Indologist and Sanskrit scholar

Name:Lal Bahadur Shastri(1904–1966)
Year Awarded:1966
Note: Posthumous, independence activist, second Prime Minister

Name:Indira Gandhi(1917–1984Y
ear Awarded:1971
Note: Fourth Prime Minister

Name:V. V. Giri(1894–1980)
Year Awarded:1975
Note: Trade unionist and fourth President

Name:K. Kamaraj(1903–1975)
Year Awarded:1976
Note: Posthumous, independence activist, Chief Minister of Madras State

Name:Mother Teresa(1910–1997)
Year Awarded:1980
Note: Catholic nun, founder of the Missionaries of Charity

Name:Vinoba Bhave(1895–1982)
Year Awarded:1983
Note: Posthumous, social reformer, independence activist

Name:Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan(1890–1988)
Year Awarded:1987
Note: First non-citizen, independence activist

Name:M. G. Ramachandran(1917–1987)
Year Awarded:1988
Note: Posthumous, film actor, Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu

Name:B. R. Ambedkar(1891–1956)
Year Awarded:1990
Note: Posthumous, chief architect of the Indian Constitution, politician, economist, and scholar

Name:Nelson Mandela(b. 1918)
Year Awarded:1990
Note: Second non-citizen and first non-Indian recipient, Leader of the Anti-Apartheid movement

Name:Rajiv Gandhi(1944–1991)
Year Awarded:1991
Note: Posthumous, Seventh Prime Minister

Name:Vallabhbhai Patel(1875–1950)
Year Awarded:1991
Note: Posthumous, independence activist, first Home Minister

Name:Morarji Desai(1896–1995)
Year Awarded:1991
Note: Independence activist, fifth Prime Minister

Name:Abul Kalam Azad(1888–1958)
Year Awarded:1992
Note: Posthumous, independence activist, first Minister of Education

Name:J. R. D. Tata(1904–1993)
Year Awarded:1992
Note: Industrialist and philanthropist

Name:Satyajit Ray(1922-1992)
Year Awarded:1992
Note: Bengali filmmaker

Name:A. P. J. Abdul Kalam(b. 1931)
Year Awarded:1997
Note: Aeronautical Engineer,11th President of India

Name:Gulzarilal Nanda(1898–1998)
Year Awarded:1997
Note: Independence activist, interim Prime Minister

Name: Aruna Asaf Ali(1908–1996)
Year Awarded:1997
Note: Posthumous, independence activist

Name: M. S. Subbulakshmi(1916–2004)
Year Awarded:1998
Note: Classical Carnatic singer

Name: Chidambaram Subramaniam(1910–2000)
Year Awarded:1998
Note: Independence activist, Minister of Agriculture

Name: Jayaprakash Narayan(1902–1979)
Year Awarded:1999
Note: Posthumous, independence activist and politician

Name: Ravi Shankar(b. 1920)
Year Awarded:1999
Note: Sitar player

Name: Amartya Sen(b. 1933)
Year Awarded:1999
Note: Economist

Name: Gopinath Bordoloi(1890–1950)
Year Awarded:1999
Note: Posthumous, independence activist, Chief Minister of Assam

Name: Lata Mangeshkar(b. 1929)
Year Awarded:2001
Note: Playback singer

Name: Bismillah Khan(1916–2006)
Year Awarded:2001
Note: Hindustani classical shehnai player

Name: Bhimsen Joshi(1922-2011)
Year Awarded:2008
Note: Hindustani classical singer


Categories: Award, General Knowledge